What is Cyber Security? Its Importances, Key Elements, and Cyber Security Safety Tips

Cyber Security

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is the process of protecting against malware attacks on servers, websites, mobile devices, electronic services, networks and data from attack. The phrase refers from business to mobile computing in a variety of contexts, and can be separated into a few specific categories or in short, can also be referred to as information technology security.

Why Importance of Cyber security?

Nowadays, the value of cybersecurity is increasing. The world is becoming more technologically based than ever before and there’s no hope that this change would stop. We all know that cyber security is important as government, military, business, financial, and medical organizations, banking, Companies and many other sectors that store enormous quantities of data on computers, and other devices. The online computing systems such as Dropbox or Google Drive also store personal information such as social security numbers, payment card information, and bank account data. During the context of conducting business, companies transfer confidential data through networks and to various computers and computer protection defines the practice devoted to securing the information and the systems used to access or preserve the information. Are you a professional looking to your career in Cloud Computing? Check out the cloud computing courses Now!!

A large part of the data may be confidential information, be it intellectual property, financial details, personal information, or other data forms about which improper disclosure or dissemination may have negative consequences. When the frequency and severity of cyber-attacks increases, businesses and institutions need to take action to secure their confidential business and personal details, especially those charged with safeguarding information relating to national security, safety, or financial records.

Key Element of Cyber Security

  • Network security: It is the process of protecting the computer network from unwanted users, intrusions and attacks.
  • Application security: Applications need regular updating and monitoring to insure that such programs are free from attack.
  • Information Security: Protects data integrity and privacy, both during storage and in transit.
  • Data security:  Data is within networks and apps. Protecting business and client details is a different security component.
  • Business continuity and disaster recovery planning:

A natural disaster or other event data must be secured and action needs to continue in the case of a loss. You may need a plan. End-user education for this: Users could be employees using the network, or customers signing in to a business application. A significant aspect of safety is the education in safe behaviors (password updates, 2-factor authentication, etc.).

  • End-user education

End-user education is one of the most important elements of Computer security. End-users of every organization are the greatest security concern, as it may arise at any moment. Teaching users to remove unwanted email attachments, not plug in unknown USB drives, and numerous other main lessons are crucial to every organization’s security. The end-user threats can be created according to Using of Social Media, Text Messaging, Apps Download, Use of Email, Password creation and usages

Types of Cyber Attacks

Malware

Malware is one of the Malware that includes a Program that is harmful. One of the most common cyber threats is malware which has been developed by a cybercriminal or hacker to disable or destroy the machine of a legitimate person. This normally attacks networks by a vulnerability, such as clicking on suspicious links to email or downloading a dangerous program. There are various types of malware like viruses, spyware, Trojans, Botnets, Adware etc.

SQL injection

Hackers inject malicious code into a SQL-using file into a database, normally from a insecure search box on the website. When successfully carried out the assault helps the hacker to see normally held off-limits material.

Phishing

Phishing is the method of sending out malicious messages usually emails intended to come from well-known and trustworthy outlets. They use the same titles, images, language, etc. as a corporation, these communications intensify expectations and get people to click on dangerous links. Cyber attackers would gain access to personal details such as payment cards, social security, or email information until a phishing link is clicked.

Man-in-the-middle attack

Man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks arise as criminals interrupt a transaction between two individuals.  for example, Without a secure Wi-Fi network, cyber attackers may also access all the details regarding a target without even having been identified.

Denial-of-service attack

 A denial-of-service attack is when, by filling the systems and websites with data, cyber attackers prevent a computer device from fulfilling legitimate requests. This renders the system unusable and prevents an organization from performing vital functions.

Cyber Security Safety Tips

Here are the some tips to protect yourself and business against cyber attackes

1.Regulary Update the operating system and software that ensures you’ll benefit from the new protection fixes.

2. Use good anti-virus software, update your computer system and remove risks. Hold the apps updated to highest security standard.

3.Never share your credentials with anyone,or give anyone remote access to your devices.

4. Make sure the passwords aren’t easy to determine always set strong passwords (like 16 mix with digit, number, symbols, special char.)

5. Should not access unknown senders’ email attachments: these could be infected with malware.

6. Do not click on links from unknown senders or new websites in emails.

7. Do not use public wifi network I have more chances to attack your information.

Sharing is Caring